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申请NOP认证和检查要求解读一

日期:2016年05月06日 来源:www.kiwa-bcschina.com 点击:

 

1.      General Requirements of the NOP Final Rule      

     NOP标准的总体要求

The National Organic Program (NOP) Final Rule is being enforced since October 21st, 2002. Its regulations ensure that all products labeled and sold as “organic” in the United Statesare produced in accordance with the requirements of the NOP Final Rule. NOP标准自20021021开始生效。该条例确保在美国市场上 标识和销售的所有“有机”(“organic”)产品,都必须按NOP标准的要求进行生产的。

2.      Operations that have to be certified (§205.100):  

必须认证的环节(见第205.100条款)

Any operation that intends to sell and label agricultural products as “organic” in theUnited Stateshas to be NOP certified. This includes agricultural production, the collection of wild crops, and the processing and handling. If a product is sold and labeled as organic”, the whole chain from production to processing and wholesaling (except for excluded operations) has to be NOP certified. 

在美国市场上 标识和销售的所有“有机”(“organic”)产品的所有环节,都必须获得NOP认证。其包括农业生产、野生采集、加工和贸易等环节。如果一个产品作为“有机”(“organic” 销售和标识,则从其生产到加工和批发贸易整个过程都必须获得NOP认证(下列环节除外)。

 3.      Exemption from certification (§205.101): 

免于或不予认证情况(见第205.101条款)

Þ    Operations selling less than $5,000 ayear in organic products.
These operations are exempt from certification, but the products can nevertheless be sold and labeled as “organic”. However, the operator bears the responsibility for compliance of production and handling with the requirements of the NOP Final Rule. For example, an exempt producer may identify potatoes to his customers as “organically grown”, but is not permitted to label these same potatoes as “certified organic” and display the USDA Organic Seal in conjunction with these potatoes. In case these same potatoes are further processed to potato starch or in a multiingredient product, the processor is prohibited from representing the resulting products as “certified organic” (§205.310).
  

     有机产品年销售额低于5000美元的操作。 这种操作可免于认证,但其产品 仍可以“有机”(“organic” 标识和销售。但是,操作者应确保其生产和加工符合NOP标准。例如,一个免于认证的生产者可以将土豆作为“有机种植的” “organically grown”出售,但不可以将这些土豆标识为“有机认证的”产品出售, 同时也不能贴美国农业部有关有机产品的标志。 当然用这种土豆加工成的土豆淀粉或其他相关产品也不能标示为“有机认证的产品” (见第205.310条款)

Þ    Handling operations such as food retailers that only handle, but do not process organically grown products are exempt from certification, but have to comply with the recordkeeping requirements of the NOP Final Rule. 从事食品零售的贸易操作,其只从事贸易而不加工有机种植产品,也可免于认证,但是必须按NOP标准 做好相关记录。

Þ    Handlers that do not process, repack or re-label organic products do not need to be certified. 不对有机产品进行加工、不换包装或不换标签的贸易商不必认证。


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